The Imperial Cities: Meknes and Fez
Meknes became the capital of Morocco under the reign of Sultan Moulay Ismail (reigned 1672—1727). A great but cruel warrior, nicknamed “The Bloodthirsty”, he was key in establishing the Alaouite dynasty against the opposition of the numerous tribes of Morocco. He moved the capital from Fez to Meknes which he transformed into an impressive city in Spanish-Moorish style, surrounded by high walls and filled with great monuments. Unfortunately, the city's glory was short-lived and it lost its importance soon after Sultan Moulay Ismail's death, when his grandson Mohammed III (reigned 1757-1790) moved the capital to Marrakesh.
Fez is an other proposition. The city was founded in 789 and gained great importance from the 12th to the 14th century as a strong business and religious centre with the Al-Karaouine Mosque becoming a respected university which attracted scholars and religious men from the whole Islamic world. Even though the city has long lost its role as the capital, it has not lost its importance and prestige in all ranges of life, being artistic, religious, intellectual or commercial.
Some of the photos in this gallery are panoramas. Press F to expand those pictures to their real size and use the bottom scroll bar to navigate through the picture.
$updated from: Photos.htxt Mon 03 May 2021 16:08:28 trvl2 (By Vero and Thomas Lauer)$